We, the international and regional organizations that have signed, write to you on the occasion of the 26th anniversary of the Paris Peace Conference on Cambodia in 1991, co-chaired by France and Indonesia. The Paris conference resulted in the signing of the historic Paris peace accords, which aimed to end the “tragic conflict and ongoing bloodshed in Cambodia.” Twenty-six years later, the international community must act urgently to ensure that Cambodia`s democratic vision outlined in the Paris peace accords does not fully anticipate. For the CPC, the Paris Agreements have meanwhile been subdated into the party`s own fundamental myths, as evidenced by Hun Sen`s remarks on the anniversary of the agreement. Hun Sen argued that Paris would never have happened had it not been for the meetings between him and Prince Norodom Sihanouk, which took place in France in 1987. He also pointed out (rightly) that the Paris Accords had not ended Cambodia`s civil war, which he attributed to the offensives and amnesties of his own government in the late 1990s – a policy that the CPC`s historiography has since canonized as a “win-win policy”. Twenty years ago, on 23 October 1991, 19 governments came together to sign the Paris Peace Accords, which offered a comprehensive political solution to end the “tragic conflict and ongoing bloodshed in Cambodia.” In this sense, the main political objective of the agreement was to remove Cambodia from the international agenda and allow it to recover from a generation of upheaval and conflict under an internationally recognized government. In 2012, a U.S. official who participated in the peace talks told me, “The Paris Accords essentially created a framework for putting politics back in Cambodia`s hands.” When Thiu, who had not even been informed of the secret negotiations, presented the draft new agreement, he was furious with Kissinger and Nixon (perfectly aware of South Vietnam`s negotiating position) and refused to accept them without substantial changes. He then gave several public radio speeches, saying that the proposed agreement was worse than it actually was. Hanoi was stunned because he believed he had been deceived by Kissinger in a propaganda tour. On 26 October, Radio Hanoi provided important details on the draft agreement. After winning the 1968 presidential election, Richard Nixon became president of the United Emirates in January 1969.
He replaced U.S. Ambassador Harriman with Henry Cabot Lodge Jr, who was later replaced by David Bruce. Again this year, the NLF established a revolutionary interim government (PRG) to obtain government status in the talks. However, the main negotiations that led to the agreement did not take place at all at the peace conference, but took place in secret negotiations between Kissinger and Léc Thé, which began on 4 August 1969.